Child Obesity

Child obesity is one of the most common health problems of childhood, which may also have impacts to a person’s health during adult life (usually overweight children have a high probability to become obese adults).

The World Health Organisation described childhood obesity as one of the biggest public health problems since the rate of overweight children is approaching 10% of the population.

More rarely, childhood obesity is due to pathological causes such as hypothyroidism or genetic syndromes, but in most of cases it is due to:

  1. Increased consumption of saturated fat (e.g. snacks, chips, etc.).
  2. Increased consumption of sugar (ice cream, ready-made juices, soft drinks)
  3. Reduced fruit and vegetable consumption (increased cost)
  4. Breakfast skipping
  5. Working mothers (considerable impact)
  6. Reduced physical activity (60% of children watch television during an average of five hours a day, video games, computer)

Effects of childhood obesity

➢ Development of metabolic disorders

  • Increased blood pressure
  • Cholesterol
  • Type 2 Diabetes

➢ Problems in the respiratory system

➢ Problems in the musculoskeletal system

➢ Psychological problems

  • Depression
  • Social racism

How to fight against childhood obesity

What to do in order to fight efficiently against childhood obesity:

  • Checkup examinations are necessary (e.g. Thyroid,blood sugar, cholesterol, iron, hormone tests, etc.)
  • Consulting sessions with a dietician for the correct planning of a well-balanced and personalised diet
  • Continuous support of parents to the change of “bad habits”.
  • Daily physical activity (walking swimming, isometric exercises)
  • Necessary psychological support
  • Disclosure and discussion of the issue with the school and the Parents’ Association (avoiding negative comments, getting more healthy foods at the canteens, raising awareness among children)

Below I suggest you easy, quick and nutritious solutions for a healthy snack

  1. Homemade cakes
  2. Sweet toast (margarine, honey, cinnamon)
  3. Sandwich (gruyere, yesterday’s meat, grated carrot)
  4. Sandwich (boiled egg, cucumber, feta)
  5. Nuts and dried fruits (walnuts, almonds, raisins, plums, apricots)
  6. Homemade cereal bars

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